Baseline Survey for the Domestic Resource Mobilisation Project Conducted in Nairobi, Wajir and Turkana Counties
This baseline report states that Kenyans felt that most of their taxes did not go into delivery of quality services and that the existing tax system is not fair to everyone. Those at the bottom of society, the poor, were overly taxed yet the return on their tax was not commensurate to the public services received and poverty reduction programmes. There was an overall feeling that whilst tax revenues went up and taxes increased; both in breadth and in rates, this was not translating into desirable outcomes such as increased provisioning and improved access to quality services and goods. On the other hand, majority of people at the bottom of the society would not evade their taxes, however increasingly those in the urban areas and more educated would more likely evade paying taxes if not satisfied with the quality of services provided.
Additionally, Kenyans say that they are not sufficiently included in the budget process while majority had not participated in public engagement forums to discuss county budget issues. Regarding existing legislation in the three counties in Kenya (Turkana, Nairobi and Wajir) on taxation, public participation, resource mobilization, allocation and expenditure, there appeared to be sufficient legislation to anchor participation. However, the implementation and establishment of key provisions of such legislation in order to achieve meaningful participation was still work in progress.